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Emerging biogenesis technologies of extracellular vesicles for tissue regenerative therapeutics

Lee, J-H; Yoon, J-Y; Lee, JH; Lee, H-H; Knowles, JC; Kim, H-W; (2021) Emerging biogenesis technologies of extracellular vesicles for tissue regenerative therapeutics. Journal of Tissue Engineering , 12 pp. 1-13. 10.1177/20417314211019015. Green open access

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Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, carry the genetic packages of RNA, DNA, and proteins and are heavily involved in cell-cell communications and intracellular signalings. Therefore, EVs are spotlighted as therapeutic mediators for the treatment of injured and dysfunctional tissues as well as biomarkers for the detection of disease status and progress. Several key issues in EVs, including payload content and bioactivity, targeting and bio-imaging ability, and mass-production, need to be improved to enable effective therapeutics and clinical translation. For this, significant efforts have been made recently, including genetic modification, biomolecular and chemical treatment, application of physical/mechanical cues, and 3D cultures. Here we communicate those recent technological advances made mainly in the biogenesis process of EVs or at post-collection stages, which ultimately aimed to improve the therapeutic efficacy in tissue healing and disease curing and the possibility of clinical translation. This communication will help tissue engineers and biomaterial scientists design and produce EVs optimally for tissue regenerative therapeutics.

Type: Article
Title: Emerging biogenesis technologies of extracellular vesicles for tissue regenerative therapeutics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/20417314211019015
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F20417314211019015
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 by SAGE Publications Ltd.This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Keywords: Extracellular vesicles, therapeutics, biogenesis technologies, tissue regeneration
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128839
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