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Antibacterial effect of titanium dioxide-doped phosphate glass microspheres filled total-etch dental adhesive on S. mutans biofilm

Abou Neel, EA; Hossain, KMZ; Abuelenain, DA; Abuhaimed, T; Ahmed, I; Valappil, SP; Knowles, JC; (2021) Antibacterial effect of titanium dioxide-doped phosphate glass microspheres filled total-etch dental adhesive on S. mutans biofilm. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives , 108 , Article 102886. 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2021.102886. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: to improve the antibacterial action of a two-step total-etch dental adhesive by using titanium dioxide-doped phosphate glass microspheres (GMs) without affecting its penetration ability. Materials and methods: Five and 10 wt% of APTES silanized [surface treated with 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)] and non-silanized GMs have been used as a filler to Adper™ Single Bond 2 Refill. The morphology, chemistry and ζ - potential of GMs have been investigated using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy and Zeta-sizer respectively. The chemistry and antibacterial action of filled adhesive have been investigated using FTIR and nitrocellulose filter membranes (NFM) S. mutans biofilm model respectively. The number of colony forming units (CFU) per NFM was considered. The contact angle and microtensile bond strength of adhesives to mid-coronal dentin, as a measure of its penetration ability, have been investigated using a Drop Shape Analyzer and microtensile testing machine respectively. Adper™ Single Bond 2 Refill was used as a control. Results: The size of GMs varied from 60 to 200 μm. The silanization process was confirmed by reduction in ζ-potential [-7 (±2) mV] and the presence of amide (1500-1600 cm ), C–N (1380 cm ), Si–O–Si (1096 cm ) and Si–O–C (780 cm ) peaks. Incorporation of GMs had no adverse effect on monomer conversion. All tested adhesives including the control showed significantly higher antibacterial action (~5–7 log reduction in CFU) than the NFM control. All filled adhesives showed significantly higher antibacterial action (~1–2 log reduction in CFU) than the control adhesive. The non-silanized GMs filled adhesives showed the highest antibacterial action against S. mutans biofilm formation. The presence of silanized GMs did not affect the wetting but increased the microtensile bond strength of the adhesive to dentin. Conclusion: Glass microsphere modified adhesives could be promising to reduce the possibility of recurrent caries around restorations. −1 −1 −1 −1 10 10

Type: Article
Title: Antibacterial effect of titanium dioxide-doped phosphate glass microspheres filled total-etch dental adhesive on S. mutans biofilm
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2021.102886
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2021.102886
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Total-etch adhesive, Phosphate glass microspheres, Antibacterial, FTIR & microtensile bond strength
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128486
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