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Ceramic Technology at Wadi Fidan 61, an Early Pottery Neolithic Site (ca. 6500 B.C.E.) in the Faynan Region of Southern Jordan

Burton, M; Quinn, P; (2021) Ceramic Technology at Wadi Fidan 61, an Early Pottery Neolithic Site (ca. 6500 B.C.E.) in the Faynan Region of Southern Jordan. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports , 38 , Article 103029. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103029.

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Abstract

The Faynan region of southern Jordan became a center of industrial-scale metallurgical production during the Bronze and Iron Ages. However, socio-economic developments of the Pottery Neolithic period (ca. 6500-5500 B.C.E.) that helped set the stage for the rise of complex copper-producing societies are not well-understood. In this paper, we focus on ceramic technology at the early Pottery Neolithic site of Wadi Fidan 61 in the western part of the Faynan region. The composition of 38 pottery sherds is characterized using an analytical approach that integrates petrography, instrumental geochemistry and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Results indicate six distinct clay recipes and suggest the use of different clay deposits and tempering materials from locations within ca. 5 km of the site. Implications of this compositionally diverse pottery assemblage are considered, possibly linking this initial phase of ceramic production in the Faynan with a kind of foraging-farming economy.

Type: Article
Title: Ceramic Technology at Wadi Fidan 61, an Early Pottery Neolithic Site (ca. 6500 B.C.E.) in the Faynan Region of Southern Jordan
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103029
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103029
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Pottery Neolithic, Southern Jordan, Faynan, Wadi Fidan, Ceramic composition, Ceramic technology, Provenance
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128341
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