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Rab11-dependent recycling of calcium channels is mediated by auxiliary subunit α2δ-1 but not α2δ-3

Meyer, JO; Dolphin, AC; (2021) Rab11-dependent recycling of calcium channels is mediated by auxiliary subunit α2δ-1 but not α2δ-3. Scientific Reports , 11 (1) , Article 10256. 10.1038/s41598-021-89820-1. Green open access

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Abstract

N-type voltage-gated calcium channels (CaV2.2) are predominantly expressed at presynaptic terminals, and their function is regulated by auxiliary α2δ and β subunits. All four mammalian α2δ subunits enhance calcium currents through CaV1 and CaV2 channels, and this increase is attributed, in part, to increased CaV expression at the plasma membrane. In the present study we provide evidence that α2δ-1, like α2δ-2, is recycled to the plasma membrane through a Rab11a-dependent endosomal recycling pathway. Using a dominant-negative Rab11a mutant, Rab11a(S25N), we show that α2δ-1 increases plasma membrane CaV2.2 expression by increasing the rate and extent of net forward CaV2.2 trafficking in a Rab11a-dependent manner. Dominant-negative Rab11a also reduces the ability of α2δ-1 to increase CaV2.2 expression on the cell-surface of hippocampal neurites. In contrast, α2δ-3 does not enhance rapid forward CaV2.2 trafficking, regardless of whether Rab11a(S25N) is present. In addition, whole-cell CaV2.2 currents are reduced by co-expression of Rab11a(S25N) in the presence of α2δ-1, but not α2δ-3. Taken together these data suggest that α2δ subtypes participate in distinct trafficking pathways which in turn influence the localisation and function of CaV2.2.

Type: Article
Title: Rab11-dependent recycling of calcium channels is mediated by auxiliary subunit α2δ-1 but not α2δ-3
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-89820-1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-89820-1
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Cellular neuroscience, Neuroscience
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128092
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