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Family Names, City Size Distributions and Residential Differentiation in Great Britain, 1881-1901

Lan, T; Van Dijk, J; Longley, P; (2021) Family Names, City Size Distributions and Residential Differentiation in Great Britain, 1881-1901. Urban Studies 10.1177/00420980211025721. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Cities have specialised in particular urban functions throughout history, with consequential implications for urban and regional patterns of economic and social change. This specialisation takes place within overall national city size distributions and is manifest in different but often similarly variegated residential structures. Here we develop a novel and consistent methodological approach for measuring macro-scale city size and micro-scale residential differentiation using individual digital census records for the period 1881–1901. The use of family names and neighbourhood classification of dominant economic and social roles makes it possible to relate the changing city size distribution in Great Britain to patterns of urban growth and residential differentiation within urban areas. Together, we provide an integrated and consistent methodology that links the classification of all major urban area growth in Great Britain to attendant intra-urban geodemographic changes in urban residential structures. We suggest ways in which this manifests social and economic change across the settlement system for both new and long-established residents.

Type: Article
Title: Family Names, City Size Distributions and Residential Differentiation in Great Britain, 1881-1901
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/00420980211025721
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F00420980211025721
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 by Urban Studies Journal Limited. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: city size distribution, city systems, family name analysis, geodemographics, Great Britain, historical censuses
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127994
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