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The Influence of Government Effectiveness and Corruption on the High Levels of Homicide in Latin America

Chainey, S; Croci, G; Rodriguez Forero, LJ; (2021) The Influence of Government Effectiveness and Corruption on the High Levels of Homicide in Latin America. Social Sciences , 10 (5) , Article 172. 10.3390/socsci10050172. Green open access

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Abstract

Most research that has examined the international variation in homicide levels has focused on structural variables, with the suggestion that socio-economic development operates as a cure for violence. In Latin America, development has occurred, but high homicide levels remain, suggesting the involvement of other influencing factors. We posit that government effectiveness and corruption control may contribute to explaining the variation in homicide levels, and in particular in the Latin America region. Our results show that social and economic structural variables are useful but are not conclusive in explaining the variation in homicide levels and that the relationship between homicide, government effectiveness, and corruption control was significant and highly pronounced for countries in the Latin American region. The findings highlight the importance of supporting institutions in improving their effectiveness in Latin America so that reductions in homicide (and improvements in citizen security in general) can be achieved

Type: Article
Title: The Influence of Government Effectiveness and Corruption on the High Levels of Homicide in Latin America
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/socsci10050172
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/socsci10050172
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Keywords: homicide, Latin America, government effectiveness, corruption, citizen security
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127966
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