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Accident involvement of child pedestrians: A holistic study of relative risk

Christie, N; (1999) Accident involvement of child pedestrians: A holistic study of relative risk. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Mortality statistics show the need to investigate why children in the lowest socio-economic group are much more likely to be killed as pedestrians in road traffic accidents than their counterparts in the highest socio-economic groups. The objective of the present study is to assess the role of socio-economic and environmental factors in child pedestrians accidents. The literature review was carried out which indicated that exposure, attitude of the parent or adult carer and environmental hazard may explain the high accident rate of children in low socio-economic groups. A survey comprising in-depth home interviews amongst 152 school children injured as pedestrians and a control sample of 484 school children was carried out. A parent or adult carer for each child was also interviewed. A survey of environmental features of the roads where the children lived was also undertaken carried out. The surveys took place in Bradford, Bristol, London, Merthyr Tydfil and Reading. Data were collected about the child's exposure on the school journey and whilst playing in the street. The child's parent or adult carer was asked about their home environment and about personal characteristics such as ethnic origin, marital status and work situation. The parent's or adult carer's responses to statements about the accident risk of children in traffic and the responsibilities for safeguarding them were also recorded. Logistic regression modelling was used to analyze the data to identify characteristics associated with accident group membership. A breakdown of these characteristics by socio-economic group was also carried out. The implications of the findings are discussed with reference to other studies. Potential countermeasures are offered and areas requiring further research identified.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Accident involvement of child pedestrians: A holistic study of relative risk
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127863
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