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Republican-Majority Appellate Panels Increase Execution Rates for Capital Defendants

Beim, D; Clark, TS; Lauderdale, BE; (2021) Republican-Majority Appellate Panels Increase Execution Rates for Capital Defendants. The Journal of Politics , 83 (3) 10.1086/710969. (In press).

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Abstract

We use the quasi-random assignment of cases to three-judge panels on the US Courts of Appeals to assess the consistency of adjudication of death penalty appeals. We find clear evidence that panels apply different standards depending on whether a majority of the panel was appointed by Democratic or Republican presidents. Unlike previous work on panel effects in the US Courts of Appeals, we show that these effects persist to the end of the process of adjudication. Since the early 1980s, the probability of ultimate execution has been increased for inmates when their first court of appeals case was assigned to a panel with a majority of Republican appointees.

Type: Article
Title: Republican-Majority Appellate Panels Increase Execution Rates for Capital Defendants
DOI: 10.1086/710969
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1086/710969
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127819
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