UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Cortical spectral matching and shape and volume analysis of the fetal brain pre- and post-fetal surgery for spina bifida: a retrospective study.

Mufti, N; Aertsen, M; Ebner, M; Fidon, L; Patel, P; Rahman, MBA; Brackenier, Y; ... Melbourne, A; + view all (2021) Cortical spectral matching and shape and volume analysis of the fetal brain pre- and post-fetal surgery for spina bifida: a retrospective study. Neuroradiology 10.1007/s00234-021-02725-8. (In press). Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Mufti2021_Article_CorticalSpectralMatchingAndSha.pdf - Published version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: A retrospective study was performed to study the effect of fetal surgery on brain development measured by MRI in fetuses with myelomeningocele (MMC). METHODS: MRI scans of 12 MMC fetuses before and after surgery were compared to 24 age-matched controls without central nervous system abnormalities. An automated super-resolution reconstruction technique generated isotropic brain volumes to mitigate 2D MRI fetal motion artefact. Unmyelinated white matter, cerebellum and ventricles were automatically segmented, and cerebral volume, shape and cortical folding were thereafter quantified. Biometric measures were calculated for cerebellar herniation level (CHL), clivus-supraocciput angle (CSO), transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) and ventricular width (VW). Shape index (SI), a mathematical marker of gyrification, was derived. We compared cerebral volume, surface area and SI before and after MMC fetal surgery versus controls. We additionally identified any relationship between these outcomes and biometric measurements. RESULTS: MMC ventricular volume/week (mm3/week) increased after fetal surgery (median: 3699, interquartile range (IQR): 1651-5395) compared to controls (median: 648, IQR: 371-896); P = 0.015. The MMC SI is higher pre-operatively in all cerebral lobes in comparison to that in controls. Change in SI/week in MMC fetuses was higher in the left temporal lobe (median: 0.039, IQR: 0.021-0.054), left parietal lobe (median: 0.032, IQR: 0.023-0.039) and right occipital lobe (median: 0.027, IQR: 0.019-0.040) versus controls (P = 0.002 to 0.005). Ventricular volume (mm3) and VW (mm) (r = 0.64), cerebellar volume and TCD (r = 0.56) were moderately correlated. CONCLUSIONS: Following fetal myelomeningocele repair, brain volume, shape and SI were significantly different from normal in most cerebral layers. Morphological brain changes after fetal surgery are not limited to hindbrain herniation reversal. These findings may have neurocognitive outcome implications and require further evaluation.

Type: Article
Title: Cortical spectral matching and shape and volume analysis of the fetal brain pre- and post-fetal surgery for spina bifida: a retrospective study.
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00234-021-02725-8
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00234-021-02725-8
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Cortical spectral matching, Fetal surgery, MRI, Myelomeningocele, Shape, Volume
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127711
Downloads since deposit
8Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item