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Exploring User Needs in the Development of a Virtual Reality-Based Advanced Life Support Training Platform: Exploratory Usability Study

Moore, N; Yoo, S; Poronnik, P; Brown, M; Ahmadpour, N; (2020) Exploring User Needs in the Development of a Virtual Reality-Based Advanced Life Support Training Platform: Exploratory Usability Study. JMIR Serious Games , 8 (3) 10.2196/20797. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Traditional methods of delivering Advanced Life Support (ALS) training and reaccreditation are resource-intensive and costly. Interactive simulations and gameplay using virtual reality (VR) technology can complement traditional training processes as a cost-effective, engaging, and flexible training tool. Objective: This exploratory study aimed to determine the specific user needs of clinicians engaging with a new interactive VR ALS simulation (ALS-SimVR) application to inform the ongoing development of such training platforms. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with experienced clinicians (n=10, median age=40.9 years) following a single playthrough of the application. All clinicians have been directly involved in the delivery of ALS training in both clinical and educational settings (median years of ALS experience=12.4; all had minimal or no VR experience). Interviews were supplemented with an assessment of usability (using heuristic evaluation) and presence. Results: The ALS-SimVR training app was well received. Thematic analysis of the interviews revealed five main areas of user needs that can inform future design efforts for creating engaging VR training apps: affordances, agency, diverse input modalities, mental models, and advanced roles. Conclusions: This study was conducted to identify the needs of clinicians engaging with ALS-SimVR. However, our findings revealed broader design considerations that will be crucial in guiding future work in this area. Although aligning the training scenarios with accepted teaching algorithms is important, our findings reveal that improving user experience and engagement requires careful attention to technology-specific issues such as input modalities.

Type: Article
Title: Exploring User Needs in the Development of a Virtual Reality-Based Advanced Life Support Training Platform: Exploratory Usability Study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.2196/20797
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20797
Language: English
Additional information: © Nathan Moore, Soojeong Yoo, Philip Poronnik, Martin Brown, Naseem Ahmadpour. Originally published in JMIR Serious Games (http://games.jmir.org), 07.08.2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Serious Games, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://games.jmir.org, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Health Care Sciences & Services, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Medical Informatics, virtual reality, Advanced Life Support, Advanced Cardiac Life Support, clinical training, education, serious games, RETENTION, EDUCATION, SIMULATOR
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > UCL Interaction Centre
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127422
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