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Greater variability in lipid measurements associated with kidney diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a 10-year diabetes cohort study.

Wan, EYF; Yu, EYT; Chin, WY; Lau, CST; Mok, AHY; Wang, Y; Wong, ICK; ... Lam, CLK; + view all (2021) Greater variability in lipid measurements associated with kidney diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a 10-year diabetes cohort study. Scientific Reports , 11 , Article 8047. 10.1038/s41598-021-87067-4. Green open access

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the associations between variability of lipid parameters and the risk of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio and triglyceride were specifically addressed in this study. This retrospective cohort study included 105,552 patients aged 45-84 with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normal kidney function who were managed under Hong Kong public primary care clinics during 2008-2012. Those with kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urine albumin to creatinine ratio ≥ 3 mg/mmol) were excluded. Variabilities of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio and triglyceride were determined using the standard deviation of the respective parameter obtained from a mixed effects model to minimize regression dilution bias. The associations between lipid variability and renal outcomes including incident kidney disease, renal function decline defined as ≥ 30% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate since baseline, and end-stage renal disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2) were evaluated by multivariable Cox regression. After a median follow-up of 66.5 months (0.5 million person-years in total), 49,653 kidney disease, 29,358 renal function decline, and 1765 end-stage renal disease cases were recorded. Positive linear associations between low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio variabilities and the risk of all renal outcomes were demonstrated. However, no association between triglyceride variability and any outcome was found. Each mmol/L increase in low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol variability was associated with 20% (Hazard ratio 1.20 [95% CI 1.15-1.25]), 38% (Hazard ratio 1.37 [95% CI 1.30-1.45]), and 108% (Hazard ratio 2.08 [95% CI 1.74-2.50]) higher risk in incident kidney disease, renal function decline and end-stage renal disease respectively. Similarly, each unit increase in total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio variability was associated with 35% (Hazard ratio 1.15 [95% CI 1.10-1.20]), 33% (Hazard ratio 1.33 [95% CI 1.26-1.40]), and 75% (Hazard ratio 1.75 [95% CI 1.46-2.09]) heightened risk in incident kidney disease, renal function decline and end-stage renal disease respectively. Cholesterol variability may potentially be a useful predictor of kidney diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Attention should be drawn to cholesterol variability when managing diabetic patients and further research is warranted to investigate the modifiable risk factors for lipid variability.

Type: Article
Title: Greater variability in lipid measurements associated with kidney diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a 10-year diabetes cohort study.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87067-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87067-4
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Diseases, Kidney diseases, Nephrology, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Practice and Policy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127216
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