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The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales

Pearson, MP; Pollard, J; Richards, C; Welham, K; Kinnaird, T; Shaw, D; Simmons, E; ... Edinborough, K; + view all (2021) The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales. Antiquity , 95 (379) pp. 85-103. 10.15184/aqy.2020.239. Green open access

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Abstract

The discovery of a dismantled stone circle—close to Stonehenge's bluestone quarries in west Wales—raises the possibility that a 900-year-old legend about Stonehenge being built from an earlier stone circle contains a grain of truth. Radiocarbon and OSL dating of Waun Mawn indicate construction c. 3000 BC, shortly before the initial construction of Stonehenge. The identical diameters of Waun Mawn and the enclosing ditch of Stonehenge, and their orientations on the midsummer solstice sunrise, suggest that at least part of the Waun Mawn circle was brought from west Wales to Salisbury Plain. This interpretation complements recent isotope work that supports a hypothesis of migration of both people and animals from Wales to Stonehenge.

Type: Article
Title: The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2020.239
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.239
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Antiquity Publications Ltd
Keywords: Britain; Preseli; Stonehenge; Neolithic; megaliths; stone circle
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10127155
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