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Sleep Quality Among Elderly People Within the Outpatient Department of Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand: A Cross-Sectional Study

Aunjitsakul, W; Pitanupong, J; Werachattawan, N; Anantapong, K; (2017) Sleep Quality Among Elderly People Within the Outpatient Department of Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand: A Cross-Sectional Study. Songklanagarind Medical Journal , 35 (3) pp. 195-204. 10.31584/smj.2017.35.3.729. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep quality in the elderly within our outpatient department. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted by; calculating the sample size for a survey with ‘proportion to size’ at the outpatient department of Songklanagarind Hospital from; October to November, 2015. A total of 408 participants aged between 65 and 99 were interviewed. Demographic and sleep-related data were collected. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) – Thai version. The results were analyzed in terms of descriptive statistics and conducted using R-Epicalc and R-Survey software. RESULTS: Our subjects were predominantly married females. The proportion of those in the 65-74 age range was 63.0%. Most of the participants (70.8%) were poor sleepers, with mean and median PSQI scores of 7.7 and 7.0, respectively. Regarding poor sleepers, their problems were; short sleep duration (99.7%), poor sleep efficiency (61.6%) and day time dysfunction (51.6%). CONCLUSION: Similarly to previous studies, our findings showed a high prevalence of poor sleep quality in the elderly population. A sleep duration of less than 6 hours was the major problem in the poor sleeper group. Gaining a better insight into sleep quality correlating with comorbidities is recommended.

Type: Article
Title: Sleep Quality Among Elderly People Within the Outpatient Department of Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand: A Cross-Sectional Study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.31584/smj.2017.35.3.729
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.31584/smj.2017.35.3.729
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Author and Journal Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/).
Keywords: elderly; outpatient; prevalence; sleep quality
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10126624
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