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Chimpanzees and their mammalian sympatriates in the Issa Valley, Tanzania

Piel, AK; Bonnin, N; Amaya, SR; Wondra, E; Stewart, FA; (2019) Chimpanzees and their mammalian sympatriates in the Issa Valley, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology , 57 (1) pp. 31-40. 10.1111/aje.12570. Green open access

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Abstract

Chimpanzees have been studied for nearly 300 combined years across Africa, but aside from their roles as predators or prey, remarkably little is known about the diverse species with whom they share habitats. We calculated likely chimpanzee encounter rates with sympatric mammals in the Issa Valley, Tanzania, through modelling actual researcher encounter rates with all medium and large mammals. Compared to other long‐term chimpanzee study sites, Issa had a relatively high diversity in medium and large mammal species present, with 36 species documented. We encountered common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia) most frequently, followed by yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) and bushbuck. Chimpanzees ranked fifth overall. Chimpanzees, on the other hand, were predicted to most frequently encounter bushbuck, klipspringer and hartebeest—all woodland species. We compare these results to published literature and contextualise them in light of reconstructing diverse mammalian communities in which hominins lived during the Plio‐Pleistocene and the use of chimpanzees as flagship species for conservation policy.

Type: Article
Title: Chimpanzees and their mammalian sympatriates in the Issa Valley, Tanzania
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/aje.12570
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/aje.12570
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: chimpanzee, East Africa, mammals, savannah mosaic, sympatry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10126521
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