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Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Van der Veeken, L; Vergote, S; Kunpalin, Y; Kristensen, K; Deprest, J; Bruschettini, M; (2021) Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Prenatal Diagnosis 10.1002/pd.5916. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) reportedly has neurologic consequences in childhood however little is known about the impact in isolated CDH. / Aims: Herein we aimed to describe the risk of neurodevelopmental complications in children born with isolated CDH. / Materials & Methods: We systematically reviewed literature for reports on the neurological outcome of infants born with isolated CDH. The primary outcome was neurodevelopmental delay. Secondary outcomes included, motor skills, intelligence, vision, hearing, language and behavior abnormalities. / Results: Thirteen out of 87 (15%) studies reported on isolated CDH, including 2624 out of 24,146 children. Neurodevelopmental delay was investigated in four studies and found to be present in 16% (3‐34%) of children. This was mainly attributed to motor problems in 13% (2‐30%), whereas cognitive dysfunction only in 5% (0‐20%) and hearing in 3% (1‐7%). One study assessed the effect of fetal surgery. When both isolated and non‐isolated children were included, these numbers were higher. / Discussion: This systematic review demonstrates that only a minority of studies focused on isolated CDH, with neurodevelopmental delay present in 16% of children born with CDH. / Conclusion: To accurately counsel patients, more research should focus on isolated CDH cases and examine children that underwent fetal surgery.

Type: Article
Title: Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/pd.5916
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/pd.5916
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. Prenatal Diagnosis published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10126169
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