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Improving estimation of Parkinson's disease risk-the enhanced PREDICT-PD algorithm

Bestwick, JP; Auger, SD; Simonet, C; Rees, RN; Rack, D; Jitlal, M; Giovannoni, G; ... Noyce, AJ; + view all (2021) Improving estimation of Parkinson's disease risk-the enhanced PREDICT-PD algorithm. NPJ Parkinsons Disease , 7 (1) p. 33. 10.1038/s41531-021-00176-9. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

We previously reported a basic algorithm to identify the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) using published data on risk factors and prodromal features. Using this algorithm, the PREDICT-PD study identified individuals at increased risk of PD and used tapping speed, hyposmia and REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) as "intermediate" markers of prodromal PD in the absence of sufficient incident cases. We have now developed and tested an enhanced algorithm which incorporates the intermediate markers into the risk model. Risk estimates were compared using the enhanced and the basic algorithm in members of the PREDICT-PD pilot cohort. The enhanced PREDICT-PD algorithm yielded a much greater range of risk estimates than the basic algorithm (93-609-fold difference between the 10th and 90th centiles vs 10-13-fold respectively). There was a greater increase in the risk of PD with increasing risk scores for the enhanced algorithm than for the basic algorithm (hazard ratios per one standard deviation increase in log risk of 2.75 [95% CI 1.68-4.50; p < 0.001] versus 1.47 [95% CI 0.86-2.51; p = 0.16] respectively). Estimates from the enhanced algorithm also correlated more closely with subclinical striatal DaT-SPECT dopamine depletion (R2 = 0.164, p = 0.005 vs R2 = 0.043, p = 0.17). Incorporating the previous intermediate markers of prodromal PD and using likelihood ratios improved the accuracy of the PREDICT-PD prediction algorithm.

Type: Article
Title: Improving estimation of Parkinson's disease risk-the enhanced PREDICT-PD algorithm
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41531-021-00176-9
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41531-021-00176-9
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Predictive markers, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10126156
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