UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Effects of Time-Varying Parent Input on Children's Language Outcomes Differ for Vocabulary and Syntax

Silvey, C; Demir-Lira, ÖE; Goldin-Meadow, S; Raudenbush, SW; (2021) Effects of Time-Varying Parent Input on Children's Language Outcomes Differ for Vocabulary and Syntax. Psychological Science 10.1177/0956797620970559. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of 0956797620970559.pdf]
Preview
Text
0956797620970559.pdf - Published Version

Download (317kB) | Preview

Abstract

Early linguistic input is a powerful predictor of children's language outcomes. We investigated two novel questions about this relationship: Does the impact of language input vary over time, and does the impact of time-varying language input on child outcomes differ for vocabulary and for syntax? Using methods from epidemiology to account for baseline and time-varying confounding, we predicted 64 children's outcomes on standardized tests of vocabulary and syntax in kindergarten from their parents' vocabulary and syntax input when the children were 14 and 30 months old. For vocabulary, children whose parents provided diverse input earlier as well as later in development were predicted to have the highest outcomes. For syntax, children whose parents' input substantially increased in syntactic complexity over time were predicted to have the highest outcomes. The optimal sequence of parents' linguistic input for supporting children's language acquisition thus varies for vocabulary and for syntax.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of Time-Varying Parent Input on Children's Language Outcomes Differ for Vocabulary and Syntax
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0956797620970559
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0956797620970559
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Causal analysis, environmental effects, language development
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10125058
Downloads since deposit
21Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item