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Silent cold-sensing neurons contribute to cold allodynia in neuropathic pain.

MacDonald, DI; Luiz, AP; Iseppon, F; Millet, Q; Emery, EC; Wood, JN; (2021) Silent cold-sensing neurons contribute to cold allodynia in neuropathic pain. Brain 10.1093/brain/awab086. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Neuropathic pain patients often experience innocuous cooling as excruciating pain. The cell and molecular basis of this cold allodynia is little understood. We used in vivo calcium imaging of sensory ganglia to investigate how the activity of peripheral cold-sensing neurons was altered in three mouse models of neuropathic pain: Oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, partial sciatic nerve ligation and ciguatera poisoning. In control mice, cold-sensing neurons were few in number and small in size. In neuropathic animals with cold allodynia, a set of normally silent large-diameter neurons became sensitive to cooling. Many of these silent cold-sensing neurons responded to noxious mechanical stimuli and expressed the nociceptor markers NaV1.8 and CGRPα. Ablating neurons expressing NaV1.8 resulted in diminished cold allodynia. The silent cold-sensing neurons could also be activated by cooling in control mice through blockade of KV1 voltage-gated potassium channels. Thus silent cold-sensing neurons are unmasked in diverse neuropathic pain states and cold allodynia results from peripheral sensitization caused by altered nociceptor excitability.

Type: Article
Title: Silent cold-sensing neurons contribute to cold allodynia in neuropathic pain.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/brain/awab086
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awab086
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) (2021). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Pain, cold allodynia, neuropathic pain, potassium channels, sodium channels
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Wolfson Inst for Biomedical Research
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124932
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