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State of the Art MR Enterography Technique

Chatterji, M; Fidler, JL; Taylor, SA; Anupindi, SA; Yeh, BM; Guglielmo, FF; (2021) State of the Art MR Enterography Technique. Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging , 30 (1) pp. 3-11. 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000263. Green open access

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is a well-established imaging technique that is commonly used for evaluating a variety of bowel diseases, most commonly inflammatory bowel disease which is increasing in prevalence. Inflammatory bowel disease is composed of 2 related, but distinct disease entities: Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis. In ulcerative colitis, inflammation is generally limited to the mucosa and invariably involves the rectum, and often the more proximal colon. CD is typified by transmural inflammation with skip lesions occurring anywhere from the mouth to anus, but characteristically involves the terminal ileum. The transmural involvement of CD may lead to debilitating ulceration and, ultimately, development of sinus tracts, which can be associated with abscesses and fistulae as extraenteric manifestations of the disease. Because much of the small bowel and extraenteric disease cannot be adequately assessed with conventional endoscopy, imaging plays a crucial role in initial diagnosis and follow-up. MRE does not use ionizing radiation which is important for these patients, many of which present earlier in life and may require multiple imaging examinations. In this article, we review the clinical indications, patient preparation, and optimal technique for MRE. We also discuss the role and proper selection of intravenous gadolinium-based contrast material, oral contrast material, and antiperistaltic agents, including pediatric considerations. Finally, we review the recommended and optional pulse sequence selection, including discussion of a "time-efficient" protocol, reviewing their utility, advantages, and limitations. Our hope is to aid the radiologist seeking to develop a robust MRE imaging program for the evaluation of bowel disease.

Type: Article
Title: State of the Art MR Enterography Technique
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000263
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RMR.0000000000000263
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Department of Imaging
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124620
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