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The link between Violence Against Women in public and urban infrastructure: A case study in Corregidora, Mexico

Garfias Royo, Ana Margarita; (2021) The link between Violence Against Women in public and urban infrastructure: A case study in Corregidora, Mexico. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

Violence Against Women (VAW) is widespread in Mexico, with approximately 66.1% of women (30.7 million) having experienced at least one incident of VAW in their lifetime (INEGI, 2017a). Using the municipality of Corregidora, in the state of Querétaro, Mexico, as a case study, this research sought to explore the routine experiences of VAW in the public space to understand the link between public and urban infrastructure and the perpetration of this violence. A mixed methods approach was taken, which combined 272 household surveys (HHS) and 7 focus group discussions (involving 50 women). It was found that the most common type of VAW women experienced in the public sphere, as well as the most recurrent, was catcalling or hearing offensive or sexual remarks including whistling. The following 4 most common types of VAW were fear of being sexually abused, stalking, groping and public indecent exposure. Additionally, the younger women were, the more violence they seemed to experience. Heat maps were generated based on HHS data to identify areas in the urban public space where incidents of VAW took place. These maps were used to select specific high concen- tration locations to conduct structured observations and inductive visual analysis at street level to identify situational factors that might influence the perpetration of VAW in those locations. The key features identified linked to the facilitation of opportunities for the perpetration of VAW included lack of infrastructure, presence of physical obstacles, poor visibility and restricted pedestrian mobility (Garfias Royo et al., 2020). Finally, semi-structured interviews with local government agents revealed challenges to the provision of security to women in public spaces including lack of gender protocols for planning and delivering infrastructure, as well as limited collection and access to crime data. It was also found that the government assists in the creation of gated communities, resulting in a fragmented city.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: The link between Violence Against Women in public and urban infrastructure: A case study in Corregidora, Mexico
Event: UCL
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
Keywords: Violence Against Women, Public Space, Heat maps, Built Environment, Gender
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Engineering Science Faculty Office
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124590
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