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Breastfeeding in Refugee Camps: A Child and Maternal Right?

Ebrahimi, A; (2021) Breastfeeding in Refugee Camps: A Child and Maternal Right? Human Rights Law Review , 21 (3) pp. 533-565. 10.1093/hrlr/ngaa064. Green open access

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Abstract

In recognition of the health benefits breastfeeding offers for both mother and child, breastfeeding has been acknowledged in various International Human Rights Law instruments. Furthermore, against the backdrop of aggressive formula milk marketing campaigns, significant soft law provisions contained within the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes 1981 regulate and control the promotion of breastmilk substitutes. Refugee camps, however, remain aligned with pre-code practice, as formula milk is often one of the first donations to arrive in camps. Mothers, who are still affected by historical formula marketing campaigns, receive formula milk and perceive its availability and distribution as an endorsement over breastfeeding. In this article, International Human Rights Law is analysed, within the framework of the principle of the best interests of the child, to determine if the choice to breastfeed should be protected as a human right and how the indiscriminate supply of formula milk interacts with this choice in refugee camps.

Type: Article
Title: Breastfeeding in Refugee Camps: A Child and Maternal Right?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/hrlr/ngaa064
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngaa064
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) [2021]. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com.
Keywords: Refugees, human rights, breastfeeding, maternal rights, children’s rights, nutrition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124486
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