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National indeterminacies at the periphery of the Habsburg Monarchy: Nationalisms versus multi-ethnic identities in Fiume/Rijeka and Trieste, 1848-1867

Maritan, M; (2020) National indeterminacies at the periphery of the Habsburg Monarchy: Nationalisms versus multi-ethnic identities in Fiume/Rijeka and Trieste, 1848-1867. Nations and Nationalism 10.1111/nana.12666. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

In the 1848–1867 period, the Habsburg Monarchy was shaken by the first waves of nationalism. Yet in the case of the Habsburg port cities of Fiume/Rijeka and Trieste, contended by several different opponents, Italian and Croatian nationalisms had to face centuries‐long traditions of municipal autonomy. In both cities, municipalism and attachment to the House of Habsburg were particularly strong and were coupled with local urban identities that defied national forms of identifications, insofar as they were ethnically and linguistically hybrid. Nationalist activists sought to exploit ethnic and linguistic elements as markers of defined national identities, yet without widespread success. The final demise of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1918 has been generally taken as proof of the cogency of nationalist discourse, especially the Italian, in the region. However, the northern Adriatic rim points to the forcefulness of Habsburg multinationalism and the existence of ethnic hybridity, which provided effective bulwarks against nationalisms for decades.

Type: Article
Title: National indeterminacies at the periphery of the Habsburg Monarchy: Nationalisms versus multi-ethnic identities in Fiume/Rijeka and Trieste, 1848-1867
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/nana.12666
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/nana.12666
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 The Authors. Nations and Nationalism published by Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism and John Wiley & Sons Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Fiume/Rijeka, Habsburg Monarchy, multilingualism, nationalism, Trieste
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124315
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