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Passive Prophylactic Administration with a Single Dose of Anti-Fel d 1 Monoclonal Antibodies REGN1908-1909 in Cat Allergen-Induced Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Trial

Shamji, MH; Singh, I; Layhadi, JA; Ito, C; Karamani, A; Kouser, L; Sharif, H; ... Radin, AR; + view all (2021) Passive Prophylactic Administration with a Single Dose of Anti-Fel d 1 Monoclonal Antibodies REGN1908-1909 in Cat Allergen-Induced Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Trial. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine , 204 (1) pp. 23-33. 10.1164/rccm.202011-4107OC. Green open access

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Abstract

RATIONALE: Sensitization to Felis domesticus allergen 1 (Fel d 1) contributes to persistent allergic rhinitis and asthma. Existing treatment options for cat allergy, including allergen immunotherapy (AIT) are only moderately effective, and AIT has limited use due to safety concerns. OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship among the pharmaokinteic, clinical, and immunological effects of REGN1908-1909 (anti-Fel d 1 monoclonal antibodies) in patients after treatment. METHODS: Patients received REGN1908-1909 (n=36) or placebo (n=37) in a phase 1b study. Fel d 1-induced basophil and IgE-facilitated allergen binding responses were evaluated at baseline and days 8, 29 and 85. Cytokine and chemokine levels in nasal fluids were measured. REGN1908-1909 inhibition of allergen-IgE binding in patient serum was evaluated. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Peak serum drug concentrations were concordant with maximal observed clinical response. The anti-Fel d 1 IgE/cat-dander IgE ratio in pretreatment serum correlated with Total Nasal Symptom Score improvement. The allergen neutralizing capacity of REGN1908-1909 was observed in serum and nasal fluid, and was detected in an inhibition assay. Type-2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13) and chemokines (CCL17/TARC, CCL5/RANTES) in nasal fluid were inhibited in REGN1908-1909-treated patients compared to placebo (all P < 0.05); IL-13 and IL-5 levels correlated with TNSS improvement. Ex vivo assays demonstrated that REGN1908 and REGN1909 combined was more potent than each alone for inhibiting FcεRI- and FcεRII (CD23)-mediated allergic responses and subsequent T-cell activation. CONCLUSION: Single passive dose administration of Fel d 1-neutralizing IgG antibodies improved nasal symptoms in cat-allergic patients, and was underscored by suppression of FcεRI-, FcεRII- and Th2-mediated allergic responses. Clinical trial registration available at www.clinicaltrials.gov, ID: NCT02127801.

Type: Article
Title: Passive Prophylactic Administration with a Single Dose of Anti-Fel d 1 Monoclonal Antibodies REGN1908-1909 in Cat Allergen-Induced Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Trial
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202011-4107OC
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.202011-4107OC
Language: English
Additional information: This article is open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). For commercial usage and reprints, please contact Diane Gern (dgern@thoracic.org).
Keywords: Cat allergy, Fel d 1, IgG monoclonal antibodies, immunotherapy, blocking antibodies
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10123726
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