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Hypermobility, developmental coordination disorder and physical activity in an Irish paediatric population

Moore, N; Rand, S; Simmonds, J; (2019) Hypermobility, developmental coordination disorder and physical activity in an Irish paediatric population. Musculoskeletal Care , 17 (2) pp. 261-269. 10.1002/msc.1392. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) and generalized hypermobility spectrum disorder (gHSD) using the new classification system in a community paediatric physiotherapy service in Ireland. The second aim was to explore the relationship between GJH, gHSD and physical activity level, while considering the association of probable developmental coordination disorder (pDCD). METHODS: A case-controlled cross-sectional study of children aged 6-12 years, recruited from the community paediatric physiotherapy department (n = 32) and a local school (n = 41), was carried out. A Beighton score of ≥6/9 distinguished GJH. The new framework for hypermobility spectrum disorder (HSD) was used. Self-reported physical activity level was measured using the Physical Activity Questionnaire-Older Children. A parent-reported validated questionnaire screened for pDCD. RESULTS: The prevalence of GJH was 21.9% of children attending physiotherapy. One child in the physiotherapy group was identified as having gHSD, with a prevalence of 3.1%. There was no significant difference in physical activity level between children with and without GJH attending physiotherapy (independent samples t-test, p = 0.28). Probable developmental coordination disorder (pDCD) was observed in 71.9% of children attending physiotherapy. There was no significant difference in the number of children with pDCD in those with and without GJH (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.370). CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to explore the prevalence of GJH and gHSD in the paediatric physiotherapy population in Ireland. The presence of GJH did not affect self-reported physical activity level or motor coordination in children attending physiotherapy.

Type: Article
Title: Hypermobility, developmental coordination disorder and physical activity in an Irish paediatric population
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/msc.1392
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/msc.1392
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: developmental coordination disorder, generalized hypermobility spectrum disorder, generalized joint hypermobility, motor coordination, musculoskeletal, paediatrics, physical activity, physiotherapy, Adolescent, Case-Control Studies, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise, Female, Humans, Ireland, Joint Instability, Male, Motor Skills Disorders, Prevalence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10123649
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