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Understanding the implant performance of magnetically controlled growing spine rods: a review article

Tognini, M; Hothi, H; Dal Gal, E; Shafafy, M; Nnadi, C; Tucker, S; Henckel, J; (2021) Understanding the implant performance of magnetically controlled growing spine rods: a review article. European Spine Journal 10.1007/s00586-021-06774-8. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Early-Onset Scoliosis (EOS) (defined as a curvature of the spine ≥ 10° with onset before 10 years of age) if not properly treated, can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Traditionally Growing Rods (TGRs), implants fixated to the spine and extended every 6-8 months by surgery, are considered the gold standard, but Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods (MCGRs) avoid multiple surgeries. While the potential benefit of outpatient distraction procedure with MCGR is huge, concerns still remain about its risks, up to the release of a Medical Device Alert (MDA) by the Medicines and Healthcare Regulatory Agency (MHRA) advising not to implant MCGRs until further notice. The aim of this literature review is to (1) give an overview on the use of MCGRs and (2) identify what is currently understood about the surgical, implant and patient factors associated with the use of MCGRs. METHODS: Systematic literature review. RESULTS: Surgical factors such as use of single rod configuration or incorrect rod contouring might affect early failure of MCGRs. Patient's older age and higher BMI are correlated with rod slippage. Wear debris and distraction mechanism failure may result from implant design and iteration. CONCLUSION: Despite the complications reported, this technology still offers one of the best solutions to spine surgeons dealing with severe EOS. Lowering the complication rate by identifying risk factors for failure is possible and further studies in this direction are required. Once the risk factors are well described, some of these can be addressed enabling a safer use of MCGRs.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding the implant performance of magnetically controlled growing spine rods: a review article
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00586-021-06774-8
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06774-8
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: EOS, MAGEC rods, MCGR, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10123613
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