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An empirical examination of the three elements (actions, means and purpose) of the Palermo Protocol to establish an offence of human trafficking

Smith, Damask; (2021) An empirical examination of the three elements (actions, means and purpose) of the Palermo Protocol to establish an offence of human trafficking. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The internationally agreed definition of human trafficking, contained in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime is comprised of three elements: action, means and purpose. Empirical exploratory research considers the extent to which the definitional construct of three elements reflects convicted offender method to commit human trafficking. Empirical research was conducted on 972 offenders convicted of human trafficking and the actions and means they used to fulfil different purposes to commit human trafficking. Data was collected and disaggregated from 486 conviction case summaries contained in SHERLOC, the United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime database, related to prosecutions brought by 40 Member States to the Palermo Protocol. Analysis explores academic discord on the extent to which human trafficking is the process of moving a victim to the point of exploitation, but not including exploitation of the victim (Chuang, 2014) (Stoyanova, 2015a) or includes both the process of moving the victim and the static action of end exploitation (Gallagher, 2010). Furthermore, empirical analysis is made of the actual actions and means performed by offenders to further an understanding of problematic terms in the definition and explore other insights from an analysis of the three elements. Finally, empirical analysis through structural equation modelling explores an order and structure to human trafficking and results are presented through a series of visuals to facilitate the practical translation of findings for investigators.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: An empirical examination of the three elements (actions, means and purpose) of the Palermo Protocol to establish an offence of human trafficking
Event: UCL (University College London)
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122809
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