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The indirect effect of the built environment on travel mode choice: A focus on recent movers

De Vos, J; Cheng, L; Kamruzzaman, M; Witlox, F; (2021) The indirect effect of the built environment on travel mode choice: A focus on recent movers. Journal of Transport Geography , 91 , Article 102983. 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.102983. Green open access

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Abstract

Many studies have demonstrated that the built environment has a strong impact on people's travel mode choice. However, the built environment also influences elements such as travel distance and car ownership, which might be the true predictors of which travel modes are chosen. In this study, we analyse the effects of changes in residential neighbourhood on changes in travel mode (for commute trips and leisure trips), both directly and indirectly through changes in car ownership, travel distances and travel attitudes. This study applies a structural equation modelling approach using quasi-longitudinal data from 1650 recently relocated residents in the city of Ghent, Belgium. Results indicate that the built environment has strong direct effects on active leisure trips and car use. However, distance (for car use) and attitudes (for active travel) were found to be important mediating variables. In sum, the effect of the built environment on travel mode choice might be more complex than commonly assumed as it partly seems mediated by travel distance and travel attitudes.

Type: Article
Title: The indirect effect of the built environment on travel mode choice: A focus on recent movers
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.102983
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.102983
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Travel behaviour; Built environment; Residential location; Travel attitudes; Car ownership; Travel distance
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Planning
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122460
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