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Energy Aware Trajectory Optimization for Aerial Base Stations

Jing, X; Sun, J; Masouros, C; (2021) Energy Aware Trajectory Optimization for Aerial Base Stations. IEEE Transactions on Communications 10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3055525. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

By fully exploiting the mobility of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), UAV-based aerial base stations (BSs) can move closer to ground users to achieve better communication conditions. In this paper, we consider a scenario where an aerial BS is dispatched for satisfying the data request of a maximum number of ground users, weighted according to their data demand, before exhausting its on-board energy resources. The resulting trajectory optimization problem is a mixed integer non-linear problem (MINLP) which is challenging solve. Specifically, there are coupling constraints which cannot be solved directly. We exploit a penalty decomposition method to reformulate the optimization formulation into a new form and use block coordinate descent technique to decompose the problem into sub-problems. Then, successive convex approximation technique is applied to tackle non-convex constraints. Finally, we propose a double-loop iterative algorithm for the UAV trajectory design. In addition, to achieve a better coverage performance, the problem of designing the initial trajectory for the UAV trajectory is considered. In the results section, UAV trajectories with the proposed algorithm are shown. Numerical results show the coverage performance with the proposed schemes compared to the benchmarks.

Type: Article
Title: Energy Aware Trajectory Optimization for Aerial Base Stations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3055525
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3055525
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicles, Iterative methods, Couplings, Trajectory optimization, Base stations, Throughput, Batteries
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122185
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