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Comparison of Three Classification Criteria Sets for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Study Looking at Links to Outcome and Mortality

Carneiro, AC; Ruiz, MM; Freitas, S; Isenberg, D; (2020) Comparison of Three Classification Criteria Sets for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Study Looking at Links to Outcome and Mortality. Arthritis Care & Research , 72 (11) pp. 1611-1614. 10.1002/acr.24061. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the ability of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC), and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/ACR systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria sets to provide information regarding organ damage and mortality, over a 10‐year follow‐up period. METHODS: Using data from 100 patients, we completed each classification set at the time of diagnosis and recorded the SLICC/ACR Damage Index (SDI) score, renal damage, major cardiovascular events, and death, 10 years later. We reviewed the presence of other autoantibodies, linked to SLE but not included in the classification criteria sets, and assessed whether they impacted the predictive capacity of the classification sets. RESULTS: We found a statistically significant association between the EULAR/ACR set and renal damage and SDI score, the latter after adjustment for age and sex. In the patients negative for other autoantibodies, higher EULAR/ACR scores were associated with higher rates of organ damage. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that the EULAR/ACR set may offer useful prognostic information, because higher scores were associated with higher rates of organ damage. These findings were clearer in patients negative for nondiagnostic SLE autoantibodies, who may benefit more from the predictive capacity of the EULAR/ACR set.

Type: Article
Title: Comparison of Three Classification Criteria Sets for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Study Looking at Links to Outcome and Mortality
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/acr.24061
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.24061
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122034
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