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Testing the Foundations of Signal Detection Theory in Recognition Memory

Kellen, D; Winiger, S; Dunn, J; Singmann, H; (2021) Testing the Foundations of Signal Detection Theory in Recognition Memory. Psychological Review 10.1037/rev0000288. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Signal detection theory (SDT) plays a central role in the characterization of human judgments in a wide range of domains, most prominently in recognition memory. But despite its success, many of its fundamental properties are often misunderstood, especially when it comes to its testability. The present work examines five main properties that are characteristic of existing SDT models of recognition memory: (a) random-scale representation, (b) latent-variable independence, (c) likelihood-ratio monotonicity, (d) ROC function asymmetry, and (e) nonthreshold representation. In each case, we establish testable consequences and test them against data collected in the appropriately designed recognition-memory experiment. We also discuss the connection between yes–no, forced-choice, and ranking judgments. This connection introduces additional behavioral constraints and yields an alternative method of reconstructing yes–no ROC functions. Overall, the reported results provide a strong empirical foundation for SDT modeling in recognition memory. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Type: Article
Title: Testing the Foundations of Signal Detection Theory in Recognition Memory
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1037/rev0000288
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000288
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10121952
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