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Modelling mobility and visibility dynamics in Galician megalithic moundscapes. The case of Monte de Santa Marina and its surroundings (Sarria's region, Lugo)

Carrero-Pazos, M; (2018) Modelling mobility and visibility dynamics in Galician megalithic moundscapes. The case of Monte de Santa Marina and its surroundings (Sarria's region, Lugo). Trabajos de Prehistoria , 75 (2) pp. 287-306. 10.3989/tp.2018.12216. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper aims to analyse two traditional forms of association of the megaliths with the landscape, such as the natural mobility and the visibility of the landscape. Several analytical approaches based on Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Statistics are applied over the megalithic barrow landscape of Monte de Santa Mariña (Sarria’s region, Lugo) and its surroundings (NW of the Iberian Peninsula). Starting from the creation of a simulation model of natural movement and the analysis of the visibility of sites, the relevance of the potential transit routes as a locational variable is checked, as well as the role that visibility of these monuments may have played regarding these routes. Subsequently, the visual prominence of the monuments with background terrain is also analysed, being able to observe the existence of common tendencies in different necropoleis of this megalithic complex concerning the size of the visual basin. The results allow us to consider the existence of an important relation between the megalithic monuments and the natural passage through the territory, with unequal trends on the visual impact of the megalith, regarding the relation with other sites and the whole territory in which the necropolis is located, which seems to indicate the necessity to reconsider the traditional discourse using these regional trends.

Type: Article
Title: Modelling mobility and visibility dynamics in Galician megalithic moundscapes. The case of Monte de Santa Marina and its surroundings (Sarria's region, Lugo)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3989/tp.2018.12216
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2018.12216
Language: Spanish
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Megalithic complex; GIS; Spatial Analysis; Locational patterns; Least Cost Path; visibility; Monte Carlo Simulation; R Statistics; GRASS GIS; Galicia; Neolithic.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10121470
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