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Expression Authenticity: The Role of Genuine and Deliberate Displays in Emotion Perception

Zloteanu, M; Krumhuber, EG; (2021) Expression Authenticity: The Role of Genuine and Deliberate Displays in Emotion Perception. Frontiers in Psychology , 11 , Article 611248. 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.611248. Green open access

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Abstract

People dedicate significant attention to others’ facial expressions and to deciphering their meaning. Hence, knowing whether such expressions are genuine or deliberate is important. Early research proposed that authenticity could be discerned based on reliable facial muscle activations unique to genuine emotional experiences that are impossible to produce voluntarily. With an increasing body of research, such claims may no longer hold up to empirical scrutiny. In this article, expression authenticity is considered within the context of senders’ ability to produce convincing facial displays that resemble genuine affect and human decoders’ judgments of expression authenticity. This includes a discussion of spontaneous vs. posed expressions, as well as appearance- vs. elicitation-based approaches for defining emotion recognition accuracy. We further expand on the functional role of facial displays as neurophysiological states and communicative signals, thereby drawing upon the encoding-decoding and affect-induction perspectives of emotion expressions. Theoretical and methodological issues are addressed with the aim to instigate greater conceptual and operational clarity in future investigations of expression authenticity.

Type: Article
Title: Expression Authenticity: The Role of Genuine and Deliberate Displays in Emotion Perception
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.611248
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.611248
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 Zloteanu and Krumhuber. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: emotion, facial expressions, genuine, posed and spontaneous, authenticity discrimination
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10120321
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