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Real-Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Nayak, KS; Lim, Y; Campbell-Washburn, AE; Steeden, J; (2022) Real-Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging , 55 (1) pp. 81-99. 10.1002/jmri.27411. Green open access

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Abstract

Real‐time magnetic resonance imaging (RT‐MRI) allows for imaging dynamic processes as they occur, without relying on any repetition or synchronization. This is made possible by modern MRI technology such as fast‐switching gradients and parallel imaging. It is compatible with many (but not all) MRI sequences, including spoiled gradient echo, balanced steady‐state free precession, and single‐shot rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement. RT‐MRI has earned an important role in both diagnostic imaging and image guidance of invasive procedures. Its unique diagnostic value is prominent in areas of the body that undergo substantial and often irregular motion, such as the heart, gastrointestinal system, upper airway vocal tract, and joints. Its value in interventional procedure guidance is prominent for procedures that require multiple forms of soft‐tissue contrast, as well as flow information. In this review, we discuss the history of RT‐MRI, fundamental tradeoffs, enabling technology, established applications, and current trends.

Type: Article
Title: Real-Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/jmri.27411
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.27411
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: real‐time MRI, fast imaging, interactive imaging
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Childrens Cardiovascular Disease
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10120272
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