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Using sliding mode observers to estimate BtuB concentration from measured vitamin B12 concentration

Abbadi, M; Spurgeon, S; Warren, M; Khan, N; Kräutler, B; (2020) Using sliding mode observers to estimate BtuB concentration from measured vitamin B12 concentration. IET Systems Biology , 14 (6) pp. 334-342. 10.1049/iet-syb.2020.0007.

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Abstract

A simple model for the B12 ‐riboswitch regulatory network in Escherichia coli is first described and the same analysis is applied when changing the strain to Salmonella enterica. Model validation is undertaken by linking the dynamics of the riboswitch model to bacterial growth and comparing the results obtained with in vivo experimental measurements. Measurements of bacterial growth are relatively straightforward to obtain experimentally, but experimental measurements relating to the operation of the riboswitch are more difficult. Using the validated model, sliding mode observer design methods are used to estimate BtuB given measurements of the concentration of vitamin B12. The sliding mode approach is selected because of its inherent robustness properties as well as for the ease of implementation. Validation of the estimates of BtuB produced by the observer is undertaken by comparing the BtuB and vitamin B12 concentrations estimated from the observer with green fluorescent protein production and the concentration of vitamin B12 obtained experimentally. These experimental results also provide further validation of the underpinning mathematical model. The results establish that using a sliding mode observer as a soft sensor is a useful approach to explore the operation of a vitamin B12 riboswitch given measurements of the concentration of vitamin B12.

Type: Article
Title: Using sliding mode observers to estimate BtuB concentration from measured vitamin B12 concentration
Location: England
DOI: 10.1049/iet-syb.2020.0007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-syb.2020.0007
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10120042
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