UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Cycles in Stone Mining and Copper Circulation in Europe 5500–2000 BC: A View from Space

Schauer, P; Shennan, S; Bevan, A; College, S; Edinborough, K; Kerig, T; Parker Pearson, M; (2020) Cycles in Stone Mining and Copper Circulation in Europe 5500–2000 BC: A View from Space. European Journal of Archaeology 10.1017/eaa.2020.56. Green open access

[thumbnail of Shennan_EJA385_R2_extracted.pdf]
Preview
Text
Shennan_EJA385_R2_extracted.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (3MB) | Preview
[thumbnail of Supporting Information 1] Spreadsheet (Supporting Information 1)
Shennan_Schauer et al EJA SI1.xlsx

Download (13kB)
[thumbnail of Supporting Information 2] Spreadsheet (Supporting Information 2)
Shennan_Schauer et al EJA SI2.xlsx

Download (144kB)
[thumbnail of Supporting Information 3] Spreadsheet (Supporting Information 3)
Shennan_Schauer et al EJA SI3.xlsx

Download (14kB)
[thumbnail of Supporting Information 4] Spreadsheet (Supporting Information 4)
Shennan_Schauer et al EJA SI4.xls

Download (270kB)

Abstract

The authors of this article consider the relationship in European prehistory between the procurement of high-quality stones (for axeheads, daggers, and other tools) on the one hand, and the early mining, crafting, and deposition of copper on the other. The data consist of radiocarbon dates for the exploitation of stone quarries, flint mines, and copper mines, and of information regarding the frequency through time of jade axeheads and copper artefacts. By adopting a broad perspective, spanning much of central-western Europe from 5500 to 2000 bc, they identify a general pattern in which the circulation of the first copper artefacts was associated with a decline in specialized stone quarrying. The latter re-emerged in certain regions when copper use decreased, before declining more permanently in the Bell Beaker phase, once copper became more generally available. Regional variations reflect the degrees of connectivity among overlapping copper exchange networks. The patterns revealed are in keeping with previous understandings, refine them through quantification and demonstrate their cyclical nature, with additional reference to likely local demographic trajectories.

Type: Article
Title: Cycles in Stone Mining and Copper Circulation in Europe 5500–2000 BC: A View from Space
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/eaa.2020.56
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2020.56
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Europe, 5500–2000 BC, mining, quarrying, copper circulation, axeheads, daggers, ornaments
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119872
Downloads since deposit
137Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item