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Validation of a cognitive screening tool for hearing impaired older adults

Utoomprurkporn, Nattawan; (2021) Validation of a cognitive screening tool for hearing impaired older adults. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

Dementia usually starts in individuals aged over 65, and one-third of people in this age group have disabling hearing impairment. Moreover, older adults with hearing impairment are nearly 2 times more likely to develop dementia compared with their normal-hearing peers. This makes early and accurate screening for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among this population even more important. The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a commonly used cognitive screening tool to early identify the individuals at risk of MCI. However, the tool relies on verbal administration of the instructions and target words/sentences which as shown in a previous meta-analysis could be a disadvantage for the hearing-impaired population, making the screening inaccurate. The MoCA for hearing-aid users (MoCA-HA) was developed and validated. The development phase was done with feedback from professionals and the older adult hearing-aid users, the tool’s final target population. The appropriate cut-point score of below 26 out of 30 is proposed for an onward cognitive assessment referral which yields a similarly high sensitivity to the traditional MoCA. It had an excellent discrimination property and correlated well with other existing cognitive measures. The MoCA-HA is suitable to be used in hearing aid centres for early screening for potential mild cognitive impairment. Despite measuring with the visually presented tool such as MoCA-HA, the information encoding ability was slightly reduced in the hearing-impaired cohort. The information retrieval ability was well preserved among the hearing-impaired population but was reduced when they had additional mild cognitive impairment. This also affected their performance and reliability of the self-reported hearing difficulty questionnaires. The visuospatial ability of the hearing-impaired population was better than the norms. With additional MCI, the ability was decreased but still comparable to the norms. These considerations could formulate better and holistic care plans for the hearing-impaired population with potential cognitive impairment.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Validation of a cognitive screening tool for hearing impaired older adults
Event: UCL (University College London)
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
Keywords: hearing impaired, mild cognitive impairment, cognitive screening
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > The Ear Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119362
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