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Transforming cities for sustainability: A health perspective

Crane, M; Lloyd, S; Haines, A; Ding, D; Hutchinson, E; Belesova, K; Davies, M; ... Turcu, C; + view all (2021) Transforming cities for sustainability: A health perspective. Environment International , 147 , Article 106366. 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106366. Green open access

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Abstract

Transformational change is urgently needed to address planetary health challenges in cities. Through an interdisciplinary overview of the literature, we consider how to frame and unpack city-level transformation towards synergistic benefits for urban health and environmental sustainability. By describing the characteristics of a ‘healthy sustainable city’ and by bringing together the ideas underlying frameworks for health and sustainability, we develop a conceptual understanding of how cities may progress towards achieving significant improvements in health and the environment. We investigate how urban change works, and build a theoretical understanding of how urban change may be directed to integrate health and sustainability. We conclude that urban transformation needs to be a multi-scalar process across city sectors to meet the scale, speed and form of change required. We propose that this can best be achieved in practice through a composition of mechanisms, including strengthening city governance, enabling technological and social innovations, applying sustainable urban planning and infrastructure development, and impelling social behaviour change; supported by systems-driven policy and practice-focused scientific evidence.

Type: Article
Title: Transforming cities for sustainability: A health perspective
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106366
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106366
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Cities, Environmental Health, Governance, Liveability, Sustainability, Systems science, Urban planning, Urban policy, Urban population, Urban transformation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Planning
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119217
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