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Co-owned resources: IP and data in smart cities

Toli, A; Smyth, H; Murtagh, N; (2022) Co-owned resources: IP and data in smart cities. Journal of Service Theory and Practice , 32 (2) pp. 156-178. 10.1108/JSTP-11-2019-0243. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: Smart city projects typically operate in consortia of actors that lead to the co-creation of jointly owned intellectual property (IP) and data. While IP and data are significant for economic development, there are very limited studies on their co-ownership regimes especially on co-ownership of open data and open intellectual property. This study address this gap. / Design/methodology/approach: This study is qualitative. In total, 62 in-depth semi-structured interviews were carried out, with predominantly senior members of organisations actively involved in smart city projects. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. / Findings: There are three models of co-ownership of IP and data: contractual joint ownership, undetermined or not-yet-determined ownership and open ownership. Each ownership model impacts differently the value-in-use. The relationships between actors in the consortia affect the way in which they co-create IP and data. / Originality/value: This study demonstrates how projects that operate in new models of innovation-led consortia produce new types of resources that are not simply co-created but co-owned. Co-owned resources have different value-in-use for each one of the different actors, independently of the fact that they jointly own them. This is influenced by the type of ownership model and predisposition of the actors to initially share resources and be flexible. Co-owned resources may generate future value propositions, act as interconnected operant resources and lead to the creation of new business models.

Type: Article
Title: Co-owned resources: IP and data in smart cities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1108/JSTP-11-2019-0243
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1108/JSTP-11-2019-0243
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Co-ownership, co-owned resources, intellectual property, data, smart cities, service dominant logic, business models
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett Sch of Const and Proj Mgt
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119208
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