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Absence of morphological case and gender marking in Contemporary Hasidic Yiddish worldwide

Belk, Z; Kahn, L; Szendroi, K; (2021) Absence of morphological case and gender marking in Contemporary Hasidic Yiddish worldwide. Journal of Germanic Linguistics (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates that the language of the post-War generations of adult Haredi (i.e. strictly Orthodox), primarily Hasidic, speakers (18 to 87) of Yiddish in the major Hasidic centres worldwide lacks morphological case and gender. Elicited spoken and written data from native Haredi speakers of Yiddish from Israel and the United States, and limited additional evidence from Canada and Belgium reveals a complete absence of distinction between masculine, feminine, and neuter genders as well as between the nominative, accusative, and dative cases. While some speakers make use of a variety of morphological definite determiner and attributive adjective forms, their use is not determined by case or gender distinctions. These speakers have an invariable determiner pronounced as /dɛ/ or /di/, and the earlier case and gender suffixes on attributive adjectives have been reanalysed as a single attributive marker, /ɛ/. These findings are consistent with our previous work on the loss of case and gender in the Hasidic Yiddish of London’s Stamford Hill, and support our proposal that the Yiddish spoken in (primarily Hasidic) Haredi communities can be considered a distinct variety of the language known as Contemporary Hasidic Yiddish

Type: Article
Title: Absence of morphological case and gender marking in Contemporary Hasidic Yiddish worldwide
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Yiddish, case, gender, inflectional morphology, language change
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Linguistics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Dept of Hebrew and Jewish Studies
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118846
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