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Tobacco dependence treatment for special populations: challenges and opportunities

Castaldelli-Maia, JM; Harutyunyan, A; Herbec, A; Kessel, T; Odukoya, O; Kemper, KE; Hays, JT; (2020) Tobacco dependence treatment for special populations: challenges and opportunities. Brazilian Psychiatric Association 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0782. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Although smoking rates have declined in most of the countries in the world, there are population groups within these countries whose smoking rates remain significantly higher than the general population. These ‘‘forgotten groups’’ who have not been receiving the needed attention in tobacco control policies and tobacco cessation efforts include people with serious mental illness, substance use disorders, tuberculosis, people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), lesbian-gaybisexual-transgender-queer people, and pregnant women. A number of steps are needed at the national level in countries where these disparities exist, including modifications to national smoking cessation treatment guidelines that address the special needs of these populations, as well as targeted smoking cessation research, since these populations are often not included in clinical trials. Because of the higher smoking prevalence in these populations, as well as their lower smoking cessation treatment success rates than the general population, more resources are needed if we are to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable populations. Additionally, we believe that more effort should be focused on integrating smoking cessation treatment in the specialized care settings frequented by these subpopulations.

Type: Article
Title: Tobacco dependence treatment for special populations: challenges and opportunities
Location: Brazil
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0782
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0782
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en
Keywords: Nicotine; smoking; HIV; tuberculosis; pregnancy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118684
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