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Beyond chemoradiotherapy: improving treatment outcomes for patients with stage III unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer through immuno-oncology and durvalumab (Imfinzi®▼, AstraZeneca UK Limited)

Patel, P; Alrifai, D; McDonald, F; Forster, M; (2020) Beyond chemoradiotherapy: improving treatment outcomes for patients with stage III unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer through immuno-oncology and durvalumab (Imfinzi®▼, AstraZeneca UK Limited). British Journal of Cancer , 123 pp. 18-27. 10.1038/s41416-020-01071-5. Green open access

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Abstract

The treatment paradigm of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has rapidly changed in recent years following the introduction of immune-checkpoint inhibition (ICI). Pre-clinically, both chemotherapy and radiotherapy modulate the tumour microenvironment, providing the rationale for clinical trials evaluating their role in combination with immunotherapy. Standard-of-care treatment for patients with unresectable stage III disease is concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT); however, only recently, the combination with ICI has been explored. The Phase 3 PACIFIC study randomised 713 patients with confirmed locally advanced, unresectable, stage III NSCLC, whose disease has not progressed following cCRT, to either the anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) agent durvalumab (Imfinzi®▼, AstraZeneca UK Limited) or placebo. Patients with a PD-L1 status ≥1% treated with durvalumab had a significantly longer median progression-free survival compared with placebo (17.2 vs. 5.6 months, respectively; HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.41–0.63), prolonged median overall survival (OS) (NR vs. 28.7 months, respectively; HR: 0.68; 99.73% CI: 0.47–0.997; P = 0.0025) and long-term clinical benefit (3-year OS HR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.55–0.86). Grade 3 or 4 toxicity was marginally greater in the durvalumab cohort versus placebo (30.5% vs. 26.1%). Based on these results, durvalumab has been licensed in this setting, and further clinical trials are exploring the use of ICI in unresectable stage III NSCLC.

Type: Article
Title: Beyond chemoradiotherapy: improving treatment outcomes for patients with stage III unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer through immuno-oncology and durvalumab (Imfinzi®▼, AstraZeneca UK Limited)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41416-020-01071-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-01071-5
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118520
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