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Reference ranges ("normal values") for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in adults and children: 2020 update

Kawel-Boehm, N; Hetzel, SJ; Ambale-Venkatesh, B; Captur, G; Francois, CJ; Jerosch-Herold, M; Salerno, M; ... Bluemke, DA; + view all (2020) Reference ranges ("normal values") for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in adults and children: 2020 update. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance , 22 (1) , Article 87. 10.1186/s12968-020-00683-3. Green open access

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Abstract

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) enables assessment and quantification of morphological and functional parameters of the heart, including chamber size and function, diameters of the aorta and pulmonary arteries, flow and myocardial relaxation times. Knowledge of reference ranges ("normal values") for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. Compared to the previous version of this review published in 2015, we present updated and expanded reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques. Further, databases and references for deep learning methods are included.

Type: Article
Title: Reference ranges ("normal values") for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in adults and children: 2020 update
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12968-020-00683-3
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12968-020-00683-3
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Cardiac magnetic resonance, Normal values, Reference range
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118173
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