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Essays in Economics of Digitization

Uriz-Uharte, Guillermo; (2020) Essays in Economics of Digitization. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

While neoclassical economics implicitly assumes that [perfect] information is widely available to firms and decision makers, the crude reality is that imperfect and asymmetric information is ubiquitous in markets and organizations. In fact, economists have showed that information plays a central role in understanding the determinants of numerous economic outcomes. The rise of information technology in the last decades has dramatically lowered the costs of collecting, using, and passing information, originating the eruption of the Information Age. These three essays contribute to the understanding of the impacts of digitization on the development and functioning of economic institutions. Chapter one studies how a reduction in firm internal communication costs, coming from the adoption of new communication technologies, helps large corporations to achieve higher levels of innovation by overcoming limitations in internal organization. Chapter two evaluates the impact of an unprecedented Big Data information service, that diffused at zero cost by a large bank, provides information about the competitive environment of the firm. This program presents a unique opportunity to study how access to market information might impact small and medium size firms’ performance and strategic decision-making. Results show how adopting establishments are able to increase revenues by (i) targeting unexploited business opportunities and diversifying their customer portfolio, and (ii) streamlining resource allocation. Chapter three analyses the implementation of a driving-restriction policy in the city centre of Madrid known as Madrid Central. By restricting access by car to the ban-affected area, Madrid Central achieved its goal of reducing pollution levels in the city centre. However, this can come at the cost of increasing transportation costs for consumers, and discouraging consumption in the area. Results show how information technology, in the form of e-commerce adoption, allowed establishments in the ban-affected area to weather the situation and compensate the decrease in brick and mortar sales with an increase in online sales.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Essays in Economics of Digitization
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118031
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