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A Stable Integrated Photoelectrochemical Reactor for H₂ Production from Water Attains a Solar‐to‐Hydrogen Efficiency of 18 % at 15 Suns and 13 % at 207 Suns

Khan, MA; Al-Shankiti, I; Ziani, A; Wehbe, N; Idriss, H; (2020) A Stable Integrated Photoelectrochemical Reactor for H₂ Production from Water Attains a Solar‐to‐Hydrogen Efficiency of 18 % at 15 Suns and 13 % at 207 Suns. Angewandte Chemie International Edition , 59 (35) pp. 14802-14808. 10.1002/anie.202002240. Green open access

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Abstract

The major challenge in solar water splitting to H_{2} and O_{2} is in making a stable and affordable system for large‐scale applications. We have designed, fabricated, and tested a photoelectrochemical reactor characterized as follows: 1) it comprises an integrated device to reduce the balance of the system cost, 2) it utilizes concentrated sunlight to reduce the photoabsorber cost, and 3) it employs and alkaline electrolyte to reduce catalyst cost and eliminate external thermal management needs. The system consists of an III‐V‐based photovoltaic cell integrated with Ni foil as an O_{2} evolution catalyst that also protects the cell from corrosion. At low light concentration, without the use of optical lenses, the solar‐to‐hydrogen (STH) efficiency was 18.3 %, while at high light concentration (up to 207 suns) with the use of optical lenses, the STH efficiency was 13 %. Catalytic tests conducted for over 100 hours at 100–200 suns showed no sign of degradation nor deviation from product stoichiometry (H_{2}/O_{2}=2). Further tests projected a system stability of years.

Type: Article
Title: A Stable Integrated Photoelectrochemical Reactor for H₂ Production from Water Attains a Solar‐to‐Hydrogen Efficiency of 18 % at 15 Suns and 13 % at 207 Suns
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202002240
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202002240
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: concentrated sunlight, hydrogen production, nickel oxide, OER catalyst stability, photoelectrochemistry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10117941
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