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Search without rescue? Evaluating the international search and rescue response to earthquake disasters

Rom, A; Kelman, I; (2020) Search without rescue? Evaluating the international search and rescue response to earthquake disasters. BMJ Global Health , 5 (12) , Article e002398. 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002398. Green open access

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Abstract

Earthquakes around the world are unnecessarily lethal and destructive, adversely affecting the health and well-being of affected populations. Most immediate deaths and injuries are caused by building collapse, making search and rescue (SAR) an early priority. In this review, we assess the SAR response to earthquake disasters. First, we review the evidence for the majority of individuals being rescued locally, often by relatives and neighbours. We then summarise evidence for successful live rescues by international SAR (ISAR) teams, along with the costs, ethics and other considerations of deployment. Finally, we propose an alternative approach to postdisaster ISAR, with the goal of reducing overall morbidity and mortality.

Type: Article
Title: Search without rescue? Evaluating the international search and rescue response to earthquake disasters
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002398
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002398
Language: English
Additional information: © Author(s) (or their employer[s]) 2020. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10117355
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