UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Impact of local secondary gas addition on the dynamics of self-excited ethylene flames

Hussain, T; Talibi, M; Balachandran, R; (2021) Impact of local secondary gas addition on the dynamics of self-excited ethylene flames. International Journal of Thermofluids , 9 , Article 100057. 10.1016/j.ijft.2020.100057. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S2666202720300446-main.pdf - Published version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Advanced combustion strategies for gas turbine applications, such as lean burn operation, have been shown to be effective in reducing NOx emissions and increasing fuel efficiency. However, lean burn systems are susceptible to thermo-acoustic instabilities which can lead to deterioration in engine performance. This paper will focus on one of the common industrial techniques for controlling combustion instabilities, secondary injection, which is the addition of small quantities of secondary gas to the combustor. This approach has often been employed in industry on a trial-and-error basis using the primary fuel gas for secondary injection. Recent advances in fuel-flexible gas turbines offers the possibility to use other gases for secondary injection to mitigate instabilities. This paper will explore the effectiveness of using hydrogen for this purpose. The experiments presented in this study were carried out on a laboratory scale bluff-body combustor consisting of a centrally located conical bluff body. Three different secondary gases, ethylene, hydrogen and nitrogen, were added locally to turbulent imperfectly-premixed ethylene flames. The total calories of the fuel mixture and the momentum ratio were kept constant to allow comparison of flame response. The heat release fluctuations were determined from the OH* chemiluminescence, while the velocity perturbations were estimated from pressure measurements using the two-microphone method. The results showed that hydrogen was the most effective in reducing the magnitude of self-excited oscillations. Nitrogen had negligible effect, while ethylene only showed an effect

Type: Article
Title: Impact of local secondary gas addition on the dynamics of self-excited ethylene flames
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijft.2020.100057
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijft.2020.100057
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Lean burn, Combustion instability, Gas turbine, NOx Emissions, Hydrogen, Self excited oscillations
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10117259
Downloads since deposit
11Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item