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Imaging characteristics of H3 K27M histone-mutant diffuse midline glioma in teenagers and adults

Thust, S; Micallef, C; Okuchi, S; Brandner, S; Kumar, A; Mankad, K; Wastling, S; ... Shankar, A; + view all (2021) Imaging characteristics of H3 K27M histone-mutant diffuse midline glioma in teenagers and adults. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery , 11 (1) pp. 43-56. 10.21037/QIMS-19-954. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: To assess anatomical and quantitative diffusion-weighted MR imaging features in a recently classified lethal neoplasm, H3 K27M histone-mutant diffuse midline glioma [World Health Organization (WHO) IV]. / Methods: Fifteen untreated gliomas in teenagers and adults (median age 19, range, 14–64) with confirmed H3 K27M histone-mutant genotype were analysed at a national referral centre. Morphological characteristics including tumour epicentre(s), T2/FLAIR and Gadolinium enhancement patterns, calcification, haemorrhage and cyst formation were recorded. Multiple apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin, ADCmean) regions of interest were sited in solid tumour and normal appearing white matter (ADCNAWM) using post-processing software (Olea Sphere v2.3, Olea Medical). ADC histogram data (2nd, 5th, 10th percentile, median, mean, kurtosis, skewness) were calculated from volumetric tumour segmentations and tested against the regions of interest (ROI) data (Wilcoxon signed rank test). / Results: The median interval from imaging to tissue diagnosis was 9 (range, 0–74) days. The structural MR imaging findings varied between individuals and within tumours, often featuring signal heterogeneity on all MR sequences. All gliomas demonstrated contact with the brain midline, and 67% exhibited rim-enhancing necrosis. The mean ROI ADCmin value was 0.84 (±0.15 standard deviation, SD) ×10−3 mm2/s. In the largest tumour cross-section (excluding necrosis), an average ADCmean value of 1.12 (±0.25)×10−3 mm2/s was observed. The mean ADCmin/NAWM ratio was 1.097 (±0.149), and the mean ADCmean/NAWM ratio measured 1.466 (±0.299). With the exception of the 2nd centile, no statistical difference was observed between the regional and histogram derived ADC results. / Conclusions: H3 K27M-mutant gliomas demonstrate variable morphology and diffusivity, commonly featuring moderately low ADC values in solid tumour. Regional ADC measurements appeared representative of volumetric histogram data in this study.

Type: Article
Title: Imaging characteristics of H3 K27M histone-mutant diffuse midline glioma in teenagers and adults
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.21037/QIMS-19-954
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.21037/QIMS-19-954
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits the non-commercial replication and distribution of the article with the strict proviso that no changes or edits are made and the original work is properly cited (including links to both the formal publication through the relevant DOI and the license). See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Keywords: Glioma; histones; diffusion magnetic resonance imaging
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116913
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