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Impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic on the Incidence and Management of Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients Presenting With Acute Myocardial Infarction in England

Rashid, M; Gale, CP; Curzen, N; Ludman, P; De Belder, M; Timmis, A; Mohamed, MO; ... Mamas, MA; + view all (2020) Impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic on the Incidence and Management of Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients Presenting With Acute Myocardial Infarction in England. Journal of the American Heart Association , 9 (22) , Article e018379. 10.1161/JAHA.120.018379. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Studies have reported significant reduction in acute myocardial infarction–related hospitalizations during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic. However, whether these trends are associated with increased incidence of out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in this population is unknown. / Methods and Results: Acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations with OHCA during the COVID‐19 period (February 1–May 14, 2020) from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project and British Cardiovascular Intervention Society data sets were analyzed. Temporal trends were assessed using Poisson models with equivalent pre–COVID‐19 period (February 1–May 14, 2019) as reference. Acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations during COVID‐19 period were reduced by >50% (n=20 310 versus n=9325). OHCA was more prevalent during the COVID‐19 period compared with the pre–COVID‐19 period (5.6% versus 3.6%), with a 56% increase in the incidence of OHCA (incidence rate ratio, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.39–1.74). Patients experiencing OHCA during COVID‐19 period were likely to be older, likely to be women, likely to be of Asian ethnicity, and more likely to present with ST‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction. The overall rates of invasive coronary angiography (58.4% versus 71.6%; P<0.001) were significantly lower among the OHCA group during COVID‐19 period with increased time to reperfusion (mean, 2.1 versus 1.1 hours; P=0.05) in those with ST‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction. The adjusted in‐hospital mortality probability increased from 27.7% in February 2020 to 35.8% in May 2020 in the COVID‐19 group (P<.001). / Conclusions: In this national cohort of hospitalized patients with acute myocardial infarction, we observed a significant increase in incidence of OHCA during COVID‐19 period paralleled with reduced access to guideline‐recommended care and increased in‐hospital mortality.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic on the Incidence and Management of Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients Presenting With Acute Myocardial Infarction in England
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.120.018379
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.018379
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: acute myocardial infarction, coronavirus disease 2019, incidence, mortality, out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116853
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