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Governance analysis of Nha Trang Bay and Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Areas, Vietnam

Khuu, DT; Jones, PJS; Ekins, P; (2021) Governance analysis of Nha Trang Bay and Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Areas, Vietnam. Marine Policy , 127 , Article 104330. 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104330. Green open access

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Abstract

Nha Trang Bay and Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) were established as the first two MPAs in Vietnam to protect the most diverse coral reefs against the impacts of unsustainable resource use. Emerging in a context of increasing decentralisation, the two MPAs have strongly relied on economic incentives, notably funding from donors and NGOs, to encourage behaviour changes towards achieving conservation objectives. Since donor funding ended, economic incentives used in governing the two MPAs have shifted the focus to income generated from MPA user fees. Consequently, the increasing influence of market forces, through mass tourism and incoming fishing pressures, has led to vested interests between provincial/city governments with tourism operators/developers and between local and non-local fishers. This paper stresses that without interventions from the central government or even international actors, the current MPA governance framework and incentives are insufficient to address the growing conflicts between biodiversity conservation and economic development. To improve MPA governance, strengthening legal incentives and stimulating political will from the central government are of the utmost importance. Also, given that social inequity issues are undermining local acceptance and support for MPAs, it is essential to empower local communities in decision-making over their resources by using property rights and promoting small-scale community-based development, while ensuring that such rights and development adhere to MPA conservation objectives. Moreover, tourism operators/developers need to be involved in governing MPAs in such a way that could contribute towards sustainable resource use and social equity for local communities.

Type: Article
Title: Governance analysis of Nha Trang Bay and Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Areas, Vietnam
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104330
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104330
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Marine Protected Areas, Biosphere reserves, Governance, Biodiversity conservation, Sustainable development, Vietnam, Cu Lao Cham, Nha Trang Bay, Decentralisation, Eco-tourism
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116757
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