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Protecting the ‘blue heart of the planet’: Strengthening the governance framework for marine protected areas beyond national jurisdiction

Hammond, A; Jones, PJ; (2020) Protecting the ‘blue heart of the planet’: Strengthening the governance framework for marine protected areas beyond national jurisdiction. Marine Policy 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104260. Green open access

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Abstract

The ongoing negotiations towards a new implementing agreement to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) regarding conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (henceforth, ‘BBNJ Agreement’) present a unique opportunity to begin a new chapter in ocean governance. This paper draws on expert interviews to consider how such an agreement could establish a strengthened governance framework for areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) and the potential implications for the governance and effectiveness of high seas marine protected areas (MPAs) designated thereunder. The results support calls for a BBNJ Agreement to establish a global body, with a mandate and mechanism for MPA establishment and oversight of the currently fragmented ocean governance landscape, but within a model that also incorporates bottom-up approaches including a degree of decentralisation to regional organisations and engagement with coastal communities, with conditions attached. In applying the guidance of the MPA Governance (MPAG) framework, this paper concludes that enshrining a global model along these lines would provide a strengthened basis for effective, resilient MPAs in ABNJ by adding and strengthening governance incentives across five key incentive categories. The paper concludes by looking to the final round of negotiations, where states must take ambitious stances in addressing remaining weaknesses in the draft Agreement to ensure the potential for an improved ocean governance framework is delivered upon.

Type: Article
Title: Protecting the ‘blue heart of the planet’: Strengthening the governance framework for marine protected areas beyond national jurisdiction
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104260
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104260
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Marine protected areas, BBNJ, High seas, UNCLOS, Governance frameworks
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116728
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